You might know it, but thousands of Canadians fail to realize that their chronic conditions may qualify as a disability. Also, did you know if you have a disability, you are eligible for the Canadian Disability Credit (DTC)?

If it hadn’t crossed your mind, it’s best to keep reading to determine if your condition qualifies as a disability.

It would also help to know that the qualifications of your situation as a disability will depend on its severity. Numerous medical conditions qualify for disability in Canada, but they remain unknown to the affected. It is for this reason that you must know what medical conditions qualify as a disability in Canada.

How do These Conditions qualify as a Disability in Canada?

For your medical condition to be considered a disability, you must experience:

  1. Severe mental or physical impairment.
  2. The impairment has been persistent or may persist for not less than a year.
  3. A medical practitioner certifies the severity of your condition and declares it a disability.

Medical Conditions That Qualify for Disability in Canada

Mental Conditions


Agoraphobia is listed as a mental condition. It refers to a fear of public places or open spaces and triggers a panic attack or feelings of “abject terror” when you are in such areas. The anxiety can impair your ability to function in society and do everyday things like going to the grocery store.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder is a mental condition characterized by periods of high energy and mood swings. These create long-term problems in a person’s professional life, personal relationships, and other aspects of their daily routine.

Learning Disabilities

Learning disabilities affect a person’s ability to acquire skills, knowledge, and information. They are present from an early age and can be severe or mild. A learning disability can impact your ability to learn or achieve academic success at school, work, or community.


Alzheimer’s disease is a disorder that causes memory loss and changes in thinking. It may also affect your ability to communicate, perform activities of daily living, and develop new memories.

Conditions Affecting Behavior


Addictions are conditions that cause a person to use harmful substances even though they may have negative consequences in their life. This can be related to substance abuse, compulsive gambling, or other behavioral addictions.


Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition that occurs after a life-threatening or traumatic event. You may experience flashbacks and nightmares due to the experience of the event and feelings of fear, anxiety, and depression.

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder is a condition that causes you to experience multiple personalities or alter your character depending on your situation. Depending on identity, you can experience memory loss and identity shifts.


The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies depression as one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. It is a mental condition characterized by low mood, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. If you suffer from depression, you might have trouble making decisions, concentrating, or remembering things.

Physically Impairing Conditions


Arthritis refers to a painful disorder that involves your joints. The condition can be minor or severe, but if you experience severe pain and there is no permanent treatment, it’s considered a disability.


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disorder that affects the large airways in your lungs. This can result in wheezing whistles, lack of breathing, and chest pains. The condition can impact your ability to breathe, limiting your productivity and self-dependence.


Fibromyalgia is a long-term condition that affects the tissues surrounding the joints and muscles. It can cause pains leading to headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, and chronic fatigue, among other symptoms. If your condition is severe, it can impact your productivity as you may need to rest more.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy affects a person’s ability to move and maintain balance. The Disorder may develop at birth or develop over time. It will be challenging to live a normal life if you have this condition.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple sclerosis is a long-term condition that causes gradual damage to the myelin sheath of your nerves. If you have this condition, you may lose your ability to move, resulting in disability.

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder that causes the muscles to break down and weaken over time. Individuals living with this condition have an increased chance of losing their independence and becoming more dependent on others.

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease refers to a disorder that affects the parts of your brain involved in controlling your muscles. Those who have this condition might experience tremors, slow movement, loss of balance, and difficulties with walking. A person living with Parkinson’s can become dependent on others to provide care and support for their physical needs.

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder that causes the muscles to break down and weaken over time. Individuals living with this condition have an increased chance of losing their independence and becoming more dependent on others.


Diabetes is a condition that is caused by the failure of your body to produce insulin or a hormone necessary to metabolize sugar. Without proper glucose levels in your bloodstream, you may experience micro-vascular complications such as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and stunted growth in children.

Gastrointestinal Disorder

Gastrointestinal Disorder refers to conditions that affect the digestive system and present with bowel habits. These can be mild or severe based on the symptoms you experience. Depending on the state, you may experience abdominal bloating and pain, changes in your bowel movements, and weight loss.

Chrohn’s Disease

Chrohn’s disease is a condition that affects your digestive tract and the linings of your intestines. It can cause pain, inflammation, ulcers, and bleeding in the small intestines.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a temporary condition that causes abdominal pain and discomfort. It may cause constipation, diarrhea, or both depending on your situation.

At this point, you understand medical conditions that qualify as disabilities in Canada. You might have experienced any of the above conditions, or someone in your family has one of the conditions. If this is the case, they can qualify for disability credit.

If you are unsure about your condition, it’s best to visit a physician. They may conduct a test to verify the condition and declare it a disability.